Though majority of the population is ethnically Arab, a sizable number of people from South Asia live in the country.
In 2023, approximately 320,000 Indian nationals live in Bahrain, making them the single largest expatriate community in the country.
8.8 million totally are employed in the GCC 2023
While Arabic is Bahrain’s official language, English is widely spoken, especially for business purposes
Submarine waterspring Muharraq (left)
Submarine springs Bahrain
by Anna Maria Kotarba-Morley, Mike Morley & Robert Carter (right)
Known in ancient times as Dilmun or Tylos (Greek), Bahrain was an important center of trade by the 3rd millennium B.C.
BarBar Temple up (tripadvisor) and
right picture below
Tylos Burial Mounds
Ain Adhari 2016
No more natural water spring, the water level is so low that it all dried up mainly due to demand for groundwater by the increasing population.
Population 1950: 109. 650 of which 18. 471 (18%) were foreigner
August 2020 Estimated Population :1,485,509
Fertility rate 1.79%
Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Bahrain is 77.73 years(2019) 80.7 years(2023)
This is above the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).
By the mid-19th century, the country was the Gulf’s pre-eminent trade hub, emerging as a modern state. Merchants from countries across the Gulf and beyond established themselves on the islands.
St. Christopher Cathedral Manama
Bahrain became a British protectorate in 1820. It did not gain full independence until Aug. 14, 1971.
Although oil was discovered in Bahrain in the 1930s, it was relatively little compared to other Gulf states, and the wells are expected to be the first in the region to dry up.
Red, the traditional color for flags of Gulf states, with a white serrated band (five white points) on the hoist side; the five points represent the five pillars of Islam
Until 2002 the flag had eight white points, but this was reduced to five to avoid confusion with the Qatari flag
He was succeeded by his son, Sheik Hamad Bin Isa Al-Khalifa, who took the title of king making Bahrain a Monarchy, he also began a sweeping democratization of the country: censorship has been relaxed and draconian laws repealed, exiles have been repatriated, and the stateless Bidoons have been granted citizenship.
In a February 2001 referendum, which permitted women to vote for the first time, Bahraini's overwhelmingly supported the transformation of the traditional monarchy into a constitutional one.
In October 2002, Bahrain had its first parliamentary election since 1973.
In 2006, the U.S. and Bahrain signed a free-trade agreement